King Robert BRUCE, Robert The Bruce, King of Scotland[1]

Male 1274 - 1329  (54 years)


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  • Name Robert BRUCE  [1
    Prefix King 
    Suffix Robert The Bruce, King of Scotland 
    Born 11 Jul 1274  Turnberry, South Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Clan The Bruces  [2
    MilitaryService Bannockburn, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Commander of the Scottish Army in the War of Scottish Independence 
    Ruled From 1306 to 1329  [2
    TitleOfNobility King Of Scotland; 2Nd Earl Of Carrick  [2
    Buried 17 Jun 1329  Dumfermline, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Died 7 Jul 1329  Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I24252  YOUNG, Richard Perry
    Last Modified 4 May 2017 

    Family Isabel OF MAR,   b. Abt 1272, Kildrummy Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Dec 1296, Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 24 years) 
    Married Abt 1295  Turnberry Castle, Turnberry, South Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
    +1. Marjory BRUCE, Princess of Scotland,   b. Dec 1296, Dundonald Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1316, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 19 years)
    Last Modified 4 May 2017 12:38:00 
    Family ID F9945  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Life Sketch

      Robert I (11 July 1274 \endash  7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation, and is today remembered in Scotland as a national hero.

      In February 1306, following an argument during their meeting at Greyfriars monastery, Dumfries, Bruce killed Comyn. He was excommunicated by the Pope but absolved by Robert Wishart, Bishop of Glasgow. Bruce moved quickly to seize the throne and was crowned king of Scots on 25 March 1306, at Scone. Edward I's forces defeated Robert in battle, and he was forced to flee into hiding in the Hebrides and Ireland before returning in 1307 to defeat an English army at Loudoun Hill and wage a highly successful guerrilla war against the English. Robert defeated the Comyns and his other Scots enemies, destroying their strongholds and devastating their lands from Buchan to Galloway. In 1309 he was able to hold his first parliament at St Andrews, and a series of military victories between 1310 and 1314 won him control of much of Scotland.

      At the Battle of Bannockburn in June 1314 Bruce defeated a much larger English army under Edward II, confirming the re-establishment of an independent Scottish monarchy. The battle marked a significant turning point, and, freed from English threats, Scotland's armies could now invade northern England, with Robert launching devastating raids into Lancashire and Yorkshire. Robert also decided to expand his war against the English and create a second front by sending an army under his younger brother, Edward, to invade Ireland, appealing to the native Irish to rise against Edward II's rule.

      Despite Bannockburn and the capture of the final English stronghold at Berwick in 1318, Edward II still refused to give up his claim to the overlordship of Scotland. In 1320, the Scottish magnates and nobles submitted the Declaration of Arbroath to Pope John XXII, declaring that Robert was their rightful monarch and asserting Scotland's status as an independent kingdom. In 1324 the Pope recognised Robert as king of an independent Scotland, and in 1326 the Franco-Scottish alliance was renewed in the Treaty of Corbeil. In 1327, the English deposed Edward II in favour of his son, Edward III, and peace was temporarily concluded between Scotland and England with the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, by which Edward III renounced all claims to sovereignty over Scotland.

      Robert I died on 7 June 1329. His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while his heart was interred in Melrose Abbey. He had wished to have his heart taken to the Holy Land but it only got as far as Spain before being returned to Melrose Abbey. Bruce's lieutenant and friend Sir James Douglas agreed to take the late King's embalmed heart on crusade to the Lord's Sepulchre in the Holy Land, but he only reached Moorish Granada. Douglas was killed in battle during the siege of Teba while fulfilling his promise. His body and the casket containing the embalmed heart were found upon the field. They were both conveyed back to Scotland by Sir William Keith of Galston.[3]

           ---  on FamilySearch  4 May 2017

  • Sources 
    1. [S22] FamilySearch (http://new.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ((http://new.familysearch.org)), accessed 4 May 2017), entry for Marjory Bruce, person ID LDQG-4P2. (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S22] FamilySearch (http://new.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ((http://new.familysearch.org)), accessed 4 May 2017), entry for Robert Bruce, person ID LZN5-PTQ. (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S22] FamilySearch (http://new.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ((http://new.familysearch.org)), accessed 4 May 2017), entry for Isabel of Mar, person ID LDQG-DQ3. (Reliability: 3).